Turuncu Dental Clinic - Antalya, Turkey
Tooth decay, also known as dental caries or cavities, is damage to the hard tissues of the teeth by acid-producing bacteria. It is a common dental problem that results from a combination of factors such as poor oral hygiene, certain bacteria in the mouth, and consumption of sugary and acidic foods.
Here are a few of the causes of tooth decay:
In general, tooth decay occurs as follows:
Firstly, plaque forms on the teeth. Bacteria in this plaque break down carbohydrates in food and produce acid as a byproduct.
The resulting acid attacks tooth enamel. As this condition recurs, the enamel weakens and small holes or openings form.
Acid or bacteria move through these holes into the less acid-resistant dentin layer. Decay occurs faster.
If left untreated, caries can continue to progress and reach the innermost part of the tooth, called the pulp, which contains nerves and blood vessels.
As tooth decay progresses, it can cause a variety of symptoms, including tooth sensitivity, pain when biting or chewing, visible pits or holes in the affected teeth, and darkening or discoloration of the enamel. In advanced stages, an infection may develop that causes tooth abscess, severe pain and even tooth loss.
Emaye canlı hücre içermemesi nedeniyle çürümeyi veya aşınmayı kendi başına onaramaz. Bu nedenle, dişteki çürüğü temizlemek için bu bölgenin bir diş hekimi tarafından tedavi edilmesi gerekir. Kendi başınıza diş çürüğü sorunlarını çözemezsiniz ancak diş çürümesini önlemek ve diş minesini güçlendirmek için tedbirler alabilirsiniz.
Preventing tooth decay includes maintaining good oral hygiene practices, such as brushing twice a day with fluoride toothpaste, flossing daily, and visiting the dentist regularly for checkups and professional cleanings.
Food consumption habits
Also, limiting sugary and acidic foods and drinks, using fluoride mouthwash, and using dental fillings (protective coatings) for sensitive teeth can help reduce the risk of cavities.
If tooth decay does occur, treatment options may include fillings, crowns, root canal treatment or extraction, depending on the severity of the decay and the affected tooth.
Having caries in the teeth and not treating the caries for a long time can have serious effects on the body. Prolonged presence of bacteria in the mouth can lead to infections. Many organs of the body can be damaged due to caries. Damages or affected organs by bruises that are not treated for a long time can be listed as follows: