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Tooth Decay Treatment

Turuncu Dental Clinic - Antalya, Turkey

turuncu dental tooth decay

What is tooth decay?

Tooth decay, also known as dental caries or cavities, is damage to the hard tissues of the teeth by acid-producing bacteria. It is a common dental problem that results from a combination of factors such as poor oral hygiene, certain bacteria in the mouth, and consumption of sugary and acidic foods.

Why do teeth decay?

Here are a few of the causes of tooth decay:

  • Not brushing the teeth or brushing them correctly,
  • Do not consume too much acidic, sugary drinks and fruit juices,
  • Drinking a lot of coffee and cigarettes,
  • Eating disorder problems
  • Children's use of bottles for a long time,
  • Teeth grinding at night,
  • Opening hard products such as bottle caps with teeth,
  • Chewing hard objects such as pencils


In general, tooth decay occurs as follows:

Firstly, plaque forms on the teeth. Bacteria in this plaque break down carbohydrates in food and produce acid as a byproduct.

The resulting acid attacks tooth enamel. As this condition recurs, the enamel weakens and small holes or openings form.

Acid or bacteria move through these holes into the less acid-resistant dentin layer. Decay occurs faster.

If left untreated, caries can continue to progress and reach the innermost part of the tooth, called the pulp, which contains nerves and blood vessels.


As tooth decay progresses, it can cause a variety of symptoms, including tooth sensitivity, pain when biting or chewing, visible pits or holes in the affected teeth, and darkening or discoloration of the enamel. In advanced stages, an infection may develop that causes tooth abscess, severe pain and even tooth loss.

How to remove tooth decay yourself?

Emaye canlı hücre içermemesi nedeniyle çürümeyi veya aşınmayı kendi başına onaramaz. Bu nedenle, dişteki çürüğü temizlemek için  bu bölgenin bir diş hekimi tarafından tedavi edilmesi gerekir. Kendi başınıza diş çürüğü sorunlarını çözemezsiniz ancak diş çürümesini önlemek ve diş minesini güçlendirmek için tedbirler alabilirsiniz.


Preventing tooth decay includes maintaining good oral hygiene practices, such as brushing twice a day with fluoride toothpaste, flossing daily, and visiting the dentist regularly for checkups and professional cleanings.

Food consumption habits

Also, limiting sugary and acidic foods and drinks, using fluoride mouthwash, and using dental fillings (protective coatings) for sensitive teeth can help reduce the risk of cavities.

Treatment options

If tooth decay does occur, treatment options may include fillings, crowns, root canal treatment or extraction, depending on the severity of the decay and the affected tooth.

What are the harms of decayed teeth to the body?

Having caries in the teeth and not treating the caries for a long time can have serious effects on the body. Prolonged presence of bacteria in the mouth can lead to infections. Many organs of the body can be damaged due to caries. Damages or affected organs by bruises that are not treated for a long time can be listed as follows:

  • Triggering heart diseases,
  • Kidney,
  • Joints,
  • Stomach ailments,
  • Pharyngitis,
  • Tonsillitis,
  • Liver failure,
  • Sinusitis,
  • Diabetes,
  • Rheumatism,
  • Osteoclasis,
  • Decrease in the function of the lungs,
  • Inflammation in the urinary tract,
  • Ear and eye pain.